Thesis on culture and development

roles of culture in national development

The implications of this over the city such as the division between city and coast, the end of maritime-related activities, the traffic increase and the image change, for instance, reveal the complexity of the relationship of the city-port.

In addition, it is argued that the prioritisation of initiatives financed by the state does not consider whether a project has been defined as a priority by local development plans or by community, which disincentive the promotion of community participation in local planning, Montecinos This section extends the domain of Identity and Heritage into urban regeneration strategies.

Research Design - Justification. The argument expressed from this view, relates to the prioritization of an economic activity over other. Due to this dispersion of functions among institutions is that Hargafar accuses a disarticulation to each other and to municipalities as well.

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According to this categorization, was elaborated a data with the different actors involved in the case studies and a group of questions was elaborated to cover the thematic of this research through the perceptions of the interviewers Appendix A.

The process of modernization that a port requires accordance to national and global demands is constrained by local demands of the city to reinforce an identity, which is based in the old relationship of the city- port.

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Some considerations to take into account It seems urgently necessary to recognise the responsibility of the port activity over the development of the city of Valparaiso. Rodriguez C,Desde un regionalismo primario exportador hacia un modelo regional de desarrollo sustentable.

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Questions also asked them to identify conflictive points of development strategies and describe the role played by civic society, professional and public sector in the evolution of the conflict, as well as their perception of limitations and capacities. However, the problematic of the case study does not relate much to heritage but to the identity of habitants. Sources of Evidence: In addition to the literature review and interviews, the research involved the use of qualitative data displayed in journal and magazines articles of local universities, reports of external organizations and local experts, official web pages of government as well as documental and interviews displayed in online informative channels. The understanding of identity of the city is open to a variety of interpretations. The project does not contribute to give continuity to the city but threaten it with its change. Identity The concept of identity is even more ambiguous to defined that the concept of heritage, although, there are tightly related. In that sense, the categorization of value is associated to different scales of action, where the intrinsic value has major significance at local levels, and instrumental value more relevance at national and global spheres, reducing the conflict to a competition between different needs and demands at different scales. Identity is attached to places Sutherland et al. Adapted from Hargafar For instances, MINVU see figure 4 which establishes basic principles for cities, also provides categorization and protection to local heritage Urban Heritage Program focused on housing rehabilitation and recovery of public spaces. The role and political will of authorities to achieve local benefits from urban regeneration is constrained by a centralized institution that neither encourage community involvement in decision-making process. The unity city-port becomes a complex structure compound by two organisms that work separately but whose development impacts to each other. This research analyses the case study of the city of Valparaiso, a city facing a long- term economic decline that was declared World Heritage Site in as part of the strategies to revitalize the city and improve its economy.

Type of Access: openAccess. Records are included in the compact disk. Under this focus, improvements made in the city aimed to promote commercial sector related to tourism.

Negative effects of culture on development pdf.

This study analyses from the domain of heritage and identity, the conflict of two interventions in the city of Valparaiso, Chile, and establishes the importance of governance and civic society participation for the construction of heritage. Nevertheless, the hierarchy of value that is present, prioritises instrumental values, and identity satisfies demands at a national scale. Although culture as a driver and enabler of sustainable development is rather peacefully accepted, mainstreaming culture within developmental policies is a considerably challenging task. However, the determination of local authorities in the case study of Valparaiso to generate benefits for the community, is constrained by the institutional framework where regeneration takes place which unable a fair representativeness of local perspectives. The dominant perception of the community and specialized sector points to the interventions implemented by the state not only do not aimed to create socio-economic benefits at local level but just exploit its heritage and menace its identity. Both elements are ingrained in the discourses of different actors of the professional and civic society sector who support this argument from historic, cultural and economic perspectives. Culture Heritage and Identity This section provides conceptual definitions of Heritage and Identity and shows how they interconnect. Most actors shared the idea that identity is not limited to the area nominated World Heritage Site, but it goes further. Adapted from Hargafar For instances, MINVU see figure 4 which establishes basic principles for cities, also provides categorization and protection to local heritage Urban Heritage Program focused on housing rehabilitation and recovery of public spaces. The research involved the analysis of two case studies that are representative of the problematic analysed in the previous chapter, and so far, are still in process of development. A world heritage nomination has become a tool for regeneration strategies to obtain economic outcomes, but at a local scale, it could represent an obstacle to attend socio-cultural demands. Elements analysed from the domain of Cultural Heritage and Identity were urban regeneration strategies, governance and community participation.
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